The World Anti-Doping Code ("Code") is the document that harmonizes anti-doping regulations across all sports and all countries of the world. It provides a framework for anti-doping programmes and activities, so that all athletes have the benefit of the same anti-doping policies and procedures.
The Central Asia Regional Anti-Doping Organization (RADOCA) has established the RADOCA Anti-Doping Rules that constitute a legal framework to assist RADO-Member Signatories in governing and managing their anti-doping programmes.
To date, Kazakhstan, Mongolia, Pakistan have established their respective national Anti-Doping Rules in accordance with the Code and its International Standards. All other member countries utilise the RADOCA Anti-Doping Rules.
What is Doping?
There are tenways in which athletes and athlete support personnel can violate the Code:
- Presence of a prohibited substance in an athlete’s sample
- Use or attempted use of a prohibited substance or method
- Evading, refusing or failing to submit to sample collection
- Failure to file athlete whereabouts information and missed tests
- Tampering or attempting to tamper with any part of the doping control process
- Possession of a prohibited substance or method
- Trafficking or attempting to traffic a prohibited substance or method
- Administering or attempting to administer a prohibited substance or method to an athlete
- Assisting, encouraging, aiding, abetting, conspiring, covering up or any other type of intentional complicity involving an anti-doping rule violation or attempted anti-doping rule violation by another person.
- Associating with coaches, trainers, physicians, or other athlete support personnel who are sanctioned and/or criminally convicted of doping.
What is Doping Control?
Doping Control or Testing is central to the fight against doping in sport. Athletes associated with a National Sports Federation and those competing at the international and/or national level can be tested at anytime and anywhere – during training, in competition, at home or at any other venues – by the respective International Federation, National Anti-Doping Organization or a Major Event Organizing Committee. Refusing to be tested could result in a ban from sport, so compliance is mandatory if selected. Athletes can be asked to provide both urine and blood samples, and specially trained and accredited doping control personnel will observe the athlete at all times, including when providing the sample.
Only one anti-doping organization shall conduct testing at an event. Unless otherwise defined by the respective International Federation, in-competition means the period commencing 12 hours before a competition in which the athlete is scheduled to participate until the end of the competition and the sample collection process related to the competition. Athletes can be chosen by random selection, finishing position or by being targeted for a particular reason.
Out-of-competition, or testing done outside of an event, can be conducted at any time and at any place.
Testing is part of being an athlete. Those undergoing testing for the first time may find it intimidating. Below are some useful tips to help athletes be prepared:
- Know the sample collection procedures, and an athlete’s rights and responsibilities
- Always carry photographic identification
- Ask for an interpreter if necessary
- Have a representative accompany you, especially if it is the first time undergoing testing
- Do not drink too much fluids so that the urine sample is not too diluted
- Request for more information about the procedures if unsure
- Keep a list of medications and supplements consumed to ensure the information is accurately recorded on the doping control form
- Keep a copy of the doping control form